What Are They?
Cleansers are often used as the first part of every skincare routine. The purpose of cleansing the skin is to remove excess oil and dirt and to prepare the skin for the following steps. Many of the environmental impurities and cosmetic products are not water soluble and so washing the skin with simple water would not be sufficient to remove them. Substances capable of emulsifying them into finer particles are used for making these fat soluble impurities water soluble.
Skin cleansers contain surfactants. Surfactants are emulsifiers, detergents or soaps that lower the surface tension on the skin and remove dirt, sebum, oil from cosmetic products, microorganisms, and exfoliated corneum cells in an emulsified form. An ideal cleanser should do all these without damaging or irritating the skin, on the contrary it should try to keep the skin surface moist.
Type of Cleansers
How To Use a Cleanser
- Cleansers can be used twice per day
- If your skin is dry you can cleanse only at night
- Wash the cleanser off with lukewarm (almost cold) water
- Pat dry (do not rub) your face with a clean towel after cleansing
- Continue with the rest of your skin care routine
Finding The Right Cleanser
After using a cleanser, use these steps to decide if it’s the correct one for your skin:
- Your skin should NOT feel tight
- Your skin should NOT feel overly clean
- Your skin should NOT be feel dry
- Your skin should NOT feel any tingling sensation